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United States Coins
Official US coins have been issued every year from 1972 to today, although not all coins are still authorised or in circulation.
US coins of interest to currency collectors can be generalised as any not in circulation and are uncommon. Some of the more closely sought coins include:
Additional major series of collector coins include those in the United States Commemorative Coin issues:
The Presidential Dollar Proof Sets include four special $1 coins with the likenesses for four individual presidents.
From 2007 to 2011, the series issued in:
Presidential images are relative late-comers to US currency. Images from Greek or Roman mythology were often used. Those of Native Americans were also widely used.
George Washington adamantly refused his face on the currency, comparing it to the European monarchy; he also declined a US crown, opting instead for becoming the first President of the United States.
Only in the 1920s did full or three-quarter facial images of presidents appear on US currency. Previously, only profiles had been used, if at all.
The last coin to be converted to a presidential image was the 10-cent piece or dime in 1946. The last paper currency converted was the $1 bill in 1971 when George Washington was finally commemorated in United States currency, almost two centuries after his refusal.
Mint Marks and Issue
Most United States coins bear a mark denoting the mint that created it. The mint mark on most coins is found on the front of the coin near the issue date. However, early coins generated at a mint had the mint mark on the reverse.
There have been eight mints in US history. Each had a unique mint mark, if their coins carried a mark at all.
The Philadelphia Mint was the first US mint and issues coins stamped with a P or no mark at all. The Denver Mint stamps the letter D. The San Francisco Mint stamped the letter S, though no coins have been issued for general circulation since 1980. The mint does strike proof coins for collector sets. The West Point Mint stamps the letter W. West Point Mint coins are for larger denominations, over $1, and usually not for general circulation. The Carson City Mint used a double-C, CC, from 1870 to 1893. The Carson City Mint was only temporary, and its closure was predetermined. The New Orleans Mint used the letter O. The New Orleans Mint struck coins from 1838 to 1861 but discontinued when Louisiana seceded from the Union in 1861. It resumed operations from 1879 to 1909. The Dahlonega Mint also used the letter D, along with the Denver Mint, but operated only from 1837 to 1861. Also during the limited years of 1837 to 1861, the Charlotte Mint used the letter C. Both the Dahlonega and Charlotte Mints struck only gold coins and did not resume operations after the Civil War.
Coins in Circulation
Though their origins rest long in the past, contemporary coins often look much different from their ancestors. Noted by tender amount, current coins include:
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